Design Scenarios

Designers help create solutions for people who need them. Below are two examples of people who need a solution to their problem.

Harry’s New Home

Harry’s family is moving into a new house which is ½ the size of his old house. This means that half of their furniture will not fit into the new house. Harry had a massive dining room table that now needs to sit in a room half the size. The table is 3×1.2 metres and seats 10. It used to be in a room that was 8x6m but not it is only 3×3.

Harry is a carpenter so he can make the alterations himself but he has asked you to design the table to fit in the space.

He would ideally like to keep his 10 seats but minimum 8 seats. Each seat requires 500x500mm space on the table directly in front of it. The chairs also need 500mm behind them so Harry’s visitors can get out and walk around the table.

Harry doesn’t’ want to change the look of the table. He is asking you to use only the timber in the existing table to make his new table.


Jessica’s World Trip

2) Jessica finished high school last year. After working her part time job and saving some money, she has bought her ticket to go around the world. She intends to visit 3 continents in 9 months so it will get cold and also hot where she is going.

She hasn’t bought a wallet but knows you are a designer. She wants something custom so she has asked you to design it for her. She has a friend who is a leather craftsperson who will make it.

Her wallet needs to hold her passport, room for 10 cards (ID, hotel room card etc.), notes and coins, her phone (iphone 6s), a usb stick, room for some spare sim cards and a few photos of her family. She also wants it not to stand out.

Because she is travelling she wants it as small, and as durable as possible.

Passport size = 125mm x 88mm

ID card size = 92mm x 60mm

Typical note size = 150mm x 60mm

iPhone 6s Size = 158mm x 77mm x 7mm

What To Do

  1. For both scenarios, write out a dot point list of what’s most important. The things that must be included in the solution (i.e. minimum of 8 people at the table) and the things that you cannot change (i.e. the room size). In design language, these are called ‘constraints’
  2. Then write a dot point list of the things that aren’t so important. The things that are preferred but not needed (i.e. 10 people sitting at the table). In designer talk these are called ‘considerations’
    • When looking for ‘constraints’ and ‘considerations’, use this list as a reference.
      • Budget (cost), Size, Aesthetics (Appearance), Time, Quality, Materials, Function (primary and secondary), Finish of product, Special user requirements, Social concerns, Safety, Ergonomics (how solution fits end user), Environmental issues, and Storage
  3. Draw your solution to the different scenarios. Use labels to describe your solution (materials, sizes, and any other important points). Use a pencil and ruler for this