Materials

Manufactured board 

  • Chipboard
  • Plywood
  • MDF

Plastics

Name 2 types of plastics

  • Acrylic
  • Vinyl

Timber

Timber and species

Hardwood – Depends on seed structure but typically deciduous

Softwood – Depends on seed structure but typically evergreen

 

What does treated pine get treated with?

Typically treated with CCA (Copper, Chrome and Arsenic)

 

Drying 

Some timber is dried before it is used because it helps it to stop moving. This is most likely in  typically used in furniture grade and structual timber

 

Veneer

The word veneer means a thin layer on top. It is a cheaper way to give the look of timber than using timber lengthes

Defects

      • Knot – Where branches form in tree
      • Gum veins and pockets – Hollowed out pieces of timber for gum
      • Shakes – Grain coming apart, typically on top of timber
      • Splits – Gran coming apart, typically at the end of timber
      • Warping – Bowing, Cupping, Springing, Twisting
      • Insect damage – Either small holes or if bad, wood turning to sawdust

Building Materials

List how the materials below are sold by: M2, M3 or LM

LM = Lineal Metres (comes in lengths i.e. timber, cable and pipe)

M2 = Square Metres (comes in sheets typically i.e. manufactured board, sheet etc.)

M3 = Cubic Metres (comes in volume i.e. sand, liquid etc.)

Concrete ………………………………………………………………
Sand ………………………………………………………………
Cement ………………………………………………………………
Cement sheet ………………………………………………………………
Plaster ………………………………………………………………
Plaster board ………………………………………………………………
Grout ………………………………………………………………
Aluminium Angle ………………………………………………………………
Aluminium Sheet ………………………………………………………………
Tiles ………………………………………………………………
Steel Bar ………………………………………………………………
Steel Mesh ………………………………………………………………
Chicken Wire ………………………………………………………………